October has been dubbed “Pink Month” as part of a global campaign to increase breast cancer awareness. Pink Month is a month dedicated to spreading awareness of the disease, particularly early detection and the signs and symptoms of breast cancer. The initial goal of this awareness month was to raise awareness of mammography as the most reliable way to detect breast cancer. A global health effort to gather money for research into the disease’s cause, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and cure is now underway during breast cancer awareness month. Because 90% of early-stage breast cancers are because of therapies that preserve the breast, it is crucial to regularly see a doctor, obtain mammograms, and do self-examinations once a month to check for any early indications. Worldwide, breast cancer claims the lives of about 500,000 people each year. Low survival rates are the result of the majority of breast cancer diagnoses in areas with insufficient resources being made at an advanced stage of the illness.
History of Breast Cancer Awareness Month
The American Cancer Society and Imperial Chemical Industries Pharmaceuticals organized the first coordinated week-long campaign to raise awareness regarding the subject in the United States in October 1985. Since then, campaigns have been launched in numerous nations to raise awareness of the condition, inform people about early detection and preventative techniques, and generate funds for research. Today, to raise awareness of breast cancer, charitable groups, governmental organizations, and medical societies collaborate. The most frequent malignancy affecting women worldwide is breast cancer. Over two million new cases were recorded globally in 2018.
Additionally, fund-raising events including walks, races, auctions, concerts and other charitable occasions are held all over the world. These activities often raise funds for regional, international, or local breast cancer research programs. Alongside awareness campaigns, scientific conferences and gatherings of international cancer organizations may be planned.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Distinct people will experience different symptoms. Some folks completely lack any symptoms or warning indications. Some breast cancer warning signals include:
- Newly discovered breast or underarm bulge (armpit).
- Swelling or thickening of a breast region.
- Breast skin irritation or dimples.
- In the breast or nipple area, there is redness or flaky skin.
- Nipple pulling or nipple region discomfort.
- Bleeding from the breasts, in addition to breast milk.
- Any modification to the breast’s size or form.
- Any breast region can experience pain.
Causes of Breast Cancer
- Growing old
- Genetic changes.
- Reproductive background.
- Possessing large breasts.
- Personal experience with breast cancer or particular non-cancerous breast conditions.
- Ovarian or breast cancer in the family history.
- Previous radiation therapy treatment.
- Getting high on diethylstilbestrol (DES).
Types & Its Sub-types
Breast cancer is a variety of illnesses. The term “breast cancer” refers to several different disease types and subtypes. Your breast cancer therapy may differ significantly from other people’s treatments, which you may encounter.
Breast cancers that are not invasive:
Invasive breast cancer
- Ductal carcinoma invasive
- Malignant lobular invasion
Less typical varieties of invasive cancer include:
- Locally advanced breast cancer
- Metastatic breast cancer
Subtypes of Breast Cancer:
Subtypes are based on the genes that the malignancy expresses.
These are the top three subtypes:
- Breast cancer with hormone receptor positivity